Osiris, the god of the dead and his judgment of the soul: The process of life after death according to Osiris

In the shifting sands of time, the stories of Egyptian mythology continue to dazzle with their richness and mystery. Among them, Osiris stands as a central pillar, reigning not only over the realm of the dead but also over the core of ancient Egyptian funerary beliefs. This article aims to explore in depth the vital role of Osiris, his myths, the judgment of the soul over which he presides, and the considerable influence he exerts, even today.


The myth of Osiris

  • Birth and family of Osiris: Descended from the primordial gods, Osiris belongs to a divine lineage and takes the land of Egypt under his benevolent wing.
  • Osiris' reign over Egypt: His reign brings prosperity and teaches wisdom, culture and the arts of agriculture.
  • Assassination of Osiris by Set: Brotherly jealousy leads Set to orchestrate one of the first crimes in mythological history.
  • Resurrection of Osiris and becoming god of the dead: With the vigorous love of Isis, Osiris rises again, finding his eternal kingdom in the afterlife.

Osiris and the Judgment of the Soul

  • Explanation of the judgment of the soul: Let's discover the divine tribunal where souls come to plead for their eternity.
  • The scales of truth and the heart of the deceased: Osiris observes the scales where the heart, symbol of the soul, confronts the pen of truth.
  • The role of the gods assisted by Osiris in the judgment: The deities assist the great judge, Osiris, in a process that reflects a cosmic order.
  • The meaning of judgment for the ancient Egyptians: Understanding the judgment is a window onto the deeply rooted values and beliefs of this ancient civilization.

The Process of Life After Death

  • The journey into the Duat (the Egyptian afterlife): A journey punctuated by magic and monsters awaits the deceased in this parallel dimension.
  • Trials and obstacles in the afterlife: Each soul must prove its worth through grueling challenges.
  • The fields of Ialou and eternal life: Once the trials are over, virtuous souls enjoy their rest in these luxuriant fields.

Burial rites and Osiris worship

  • Funerary practices associated with Osiris: From mummification to offerings, every detail is of crucial importance to ensure a secure afterlife.
  • Pyramid formulas and texts: These papyri are practical guides to the afterlife, essential for successfully navigating the realm of Osiris.
  • The cult of Osiris in everyday Egyptian life: Beyond the temples, Osiris permeates daily life, influencing morality and social practices.

The influence of Osiris on other Cultures and Religions

  • Comparisons with other gods of death: Discover the similarities and differences with deities from other pantheons.
  • Cultural and religious syncretism: Osiris travels through beliefs, accepting changes and adaptations over time.
  • Legacy in contemporary beliefs: The resurgence of interest in Osiris speaks volumes about his ability to inspire across eras.


The figure of Osiris, with its history, myths and post-mortem justice, continues to capture our imagination. This plunge into ancient Egyptian culture reveals a pantheon where life, death and eternity intertwine intimately, leaving a timeless imprint on future generations.

## Bibliography

To support this article, a series of sources have been consulted, offering both the academic precision and wealth of detail needed to understand the complex beliefs surrounding Osiris.

Carefully chosen keywords mark out this journey through Egyptian mythology, ensuring optimum visibility for researchers of eternity on modern digital networks.