Agamemnon, King of Mycenae and leader of the Achaeans during the Trojan War

In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was a conflict between the Achaeans and the Trojans. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and leader of the Achaeans, played a central role in this conflict. In this article, we take a look at Agamemnon's life before and during the Trojan War, and his impact on the history of ancient Greece.

Agamemnon, King of Mycenae

Agamemnon was born into the family of the Atrides, a dynasty of kings who ruled the city of Mycenae during the Bronze Age. He succeeded his father, Atreus, at the head of the kingdom. His brother Menelaus married Helen, the queen of Sparta.

Agamemnon was a powerful and ambitious king. He had many allies among the other kingdoms of ancient Greece. This enabled him to quickly establish himself as the leader of the Achaeans when the Trojan War broke out.

The Trojan War

The Trojan War is a legendary conflict that is said to have taken place around the 13th century BC. The most famous account of this war is Homer's Iliad . The war was caused by the kidnapping of Queen Helen by the Trojan prince Paris .

Agamemnon then assembled an army of skilled warriors and sent them to Troy, where they sought to recover Helen. The war lasted several years, and was marked by many twists and turns.

Agamemnon's leadership

Agamemnon was a respected and feared leader. He had the reputation of being a capable and strategic leader. This reputation was confirmed during the Trojan War.

The king of Mycenae made difficult decisions, such as sacrificing his daughter Iphigenia to appease the gods. This decision was necessary to ensure that the Achaeans could take advantage of the favorable winds to reach Troy.

During the war, Agamemnon kept discipline in his troops, avoiding defections and maintaining their motivation at the highest level. He was thus able to lead the Achaeans to victory.

Agamemnon's conflicts

Despite these feats, Agamemnon encountered conflicts within his army. The most famous of these was with Achilles, the Achaeans' most fearsome warrior.

Achilles was extremely jealous of Agamemnon's place as leader of the army, and the king of Mycenae was unable to manage this rivalry. He decided to take the princess Briseis, Achilles' war booty, for himself. This decision provoked Achilles' anger and led him to leave the field of battle.

The aftermath of the war and Agamemnon's death

After the war, Agamemnon returned to Mycenae as a hero. However, his glory was short-lived. He was murdered by his wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthe, who sought to take possession of the throne.

Agamemnon's death marked the end of the Atreides dynasty. This tragedy was seen as a warning to the kings of the time, who sought to avoid suffering the same fate.


Agamemnon is an important figure in Greek mythology. His role as leader of the Achaeans during the Trojan War enabled him to demonstrate his leadership qualities, but also to encounter difficulties, notably with Achilles. His impact on the history of ancient Greece was considerable, notably through the end of the Atreides dynasty.