Andromache, Hector's wife and her tragedy: mourning and life after the fall of Troy

At the heart of the epic sung by Homer and retold by numerous artists over the centuries, the Trojan War never ceases to fascinate. Among its most poignant figures, Andromache, the devoted wife of the hero Hector, stands out for the strength of her love and the depth of her grief. This article explores the life of this exemplary woman, from her marital bliss to her fragmented life after the fall of Troy, via her representations in mythology, literature and art.


Andromache in mythology and literature

Ancient sources

  • Homer's Iliad: This major work introduces us to Andromache, a woman of great loyalty plunged into turmoil by the loss of her husband.
  • Other ancient texts: Andromache also appears in various works that complete her tragic story.

Representations in later literature

  • Greek tragedies: Euripides immortalizes the Andromache myth in his plays, adding layers of complexity to the character.
  • Racine's adaptation of the story: Racine's play "Andromaque" offers a different approach, while retaining the emotional intensity of her grief.

The figure of Andromaque before the fall of Troy

Her role as wife and mother

  • Andromaque marries Hector and lives in his shadow as supporter and confidante.
  • Her family life and her role as mother to Astyanax are central to her identity.

Symbol of virtue and fidelity

  • Her relationship with Hector is a model of virtue and fidelity in Antiquity.
  • Her cultural and moral importance remains a striking example of feminine dignity.

The fall of Troy and the loss of Hector

The description of Hector's death and its implications

Andromache's drama culminates in the loss of Hector, a valiant fighter, snatched from life by Achilles.

Andromache's grief

  • The literary and artistic expressions of Andromache's grief are powerful and moving.
  • The psychological impact on Andromache is profound, marking her existence forever.

Captivity and life after Troy

Andromache as a captive

  • Captivity is a cruel turning point for Andromache, marked by humiliation and loss.
  • Astyanax, her son, meets a tragic fate that deepens his mother's grief.

The forced marriage to Neoptolemos

  • Andromache shows remarkable resilience in the face of her forced marriage.
  • Her new life, though marked by grief, demonstrates her ability to survive and adapt.

Andromache in art and culture

Painting and sculpture

  • Artists often depicted Andromache, immortalizing her figure in a variety of mediums.

Theater and cinema

  • From ancient theater to modern cinema, adaptations of Andromache reflect changes in society while preserving the essence of her story.


Andromache, a living symbol of love and loyalty, continues to be a source of inspiration. Her timeless story reminds us of the devastating effects of war and the strength of women in the face of adversity. Its legacy lives on, teaching the values of virtue and loyalty to future generations .


  • Homer, "The Iliad"
  • Euripides, "Andromache"
  • Racine, "Andromache"
  • Various works illustrating the Trojan War and its consequences.

Through the epic of Andromache, we can grasp the breadth of universal themes and the moving power of ancient myths.