Discovery of Khepri: The Divine Scarab of Ancient Egypt

Egyptian mythology never ceases to fascinate with its uniquely shaped gods and rich symbolism. Among this panoply of divinities, Khepri, the divine scarab beetle, stands out as a key figure in rebirth and the cycle of life. Present in Egyptian art, funerary beliefs and even in the finery of the pharaohs, Khepri embodies transformation and solar renewal. This article invites you to take a journey back in time, to discover the cult of Khepri and its influence on ancient Egyptian religion.

Introducing Khepri

Khepri mythology

Khepri, in Egyptian mythology, is often depicted as a scarab beetle or as a man with a scarab beetle's head. He is associated with the rising of the day and embodied the rebirth of the sun each morning, symbolizing the uninterrupted cycle of life and regeneration.

Khepri and the sun: Role in creation and regeneration

Considered the morning aspect of the solar god Ra, Khepri pushes the solar disk across the sky like a beetle pushes a ball of dung, which is a metaphor for the act of continual creation.

Religious associations and cults of Khepri

The cult of Khepri was widespread in ancient Egypt, with archaeological evidence pointing to the presence of temples and statuettes bearing his effigy.

Iconographic representations of Khepri

Symbolism in Egyptian art

Egyptian iconography is rich in images and symbols of Khepri. From mural representations to funerary objects, Khepri is often illustrated as crossing the heavens, denoting his essential role in the renewal of the day.

The scarab in hieroglyphics

In hieroglyphic writing, the scarab was used to symbolize ideas of transformation, existence and development.

Khepri in mural and funerary representations

Ancient Egyptian tombs and temples are often adorned with paintings and reliefs depicting Khepri, attesting to his vital role in the beliefs linked to the afterlife.

Khepri amulets

Functions and uses of scarab amulets

Egyptian scarab amulets served both as protection and as a symbol of regeneration for the living and the dead.

Materials and manufacture

Made from a variety of materials such as stone, earthenware or metal, these amulets were often inscribed with magical texts or the names of pharaohs.

Notable examples and archaeological discoveries

Archaeological excavations have uncovered remarkably preserved amulets that provide valuable insights into religious practices and daily life in ancient Egypt.

Jewelry bearing the effigy of Khepri

Significance of scarab jewelry

Ancient Egyptian jewelry adorned with scarabs was not only aesthetically pleasing, but also charged with meaning, symbolizing protection and renewal.

Diversity of scarab jewelry through the ages

As dynasties passed, the styles and materials of scarab jewelry varied , reflecting trends and technical advances in Egyptian art.

The scarab in the adornment of pharaohs and nobles

Egyptian pharaohs and nobles often wore scarab jewelry as a symbol of their status and connection with the divine.

Symbolism of rebirth and the cycle of life

The scarab and the daily rebirth of the sun

Every morning, Khepri emerges with the sun, affirming the indissoluble link between the scarab and the daily cycle of solar rebirth.

The beetle's earth-rolling behavior evokes analogies with the cycle of life, death and rebirth, an interpretation central to the cult of Khepri.

Khepri's role in otherworldly beliefs

Khepri plays a key role in pyramid texts and in the Book of the Dead, guiding the dead on their journey to immortality.


Khepri, the divine scarab beetle, plays a key role in ancient Egyptian mythology and religion, revealed in art, architecture and ritual objects. Its influence lives on in modern culture, inspiring artists and fuelling interest in Egyptian archaeology. Future research may shed even deeper light on this eternal symbol of rebirth and resilience.


Here, we list all the sources we have used to write this detailed article, enabling our readers to pursue their own explorations on the subject.


Images, diagrams and tables illustrating the various facets of Khepri will be included here to enrich the article and offer a visual perspective on the subject.