Helios, god of sun and light: His role in the illumination of the world and associated myths

Helios is the Greek god of sun and light. In Greek mythology, he occupies an important place as the god of light who illuminates the world and makes visible all that is hidden. In this article, we'll discover the origin of Helios, his role in Greek mythology and the myths associated with his power.


Helios in Greek mythology


Helios was born of the titan goddess Theia and Hyperion, the titan of the firmament. He is part of the first generation of Greek gods, known as the Titans.

Family and relationships with other gods

Helios has several brothers and sisters, notably the Moon goddess Selene and the Dawn goddess Eos. He is also the grandfather of the famous Greek hero Jason.

Helios has a complex relationship with the other Greek gods. He is often despised by Zeus, the king of the gods, who is jealous of his power over light. On the other hand, he is respected and loved by the other gods, who depend on his light for their own survival.

Function and role in the Greek pantheon

Helios is the god of light and the sun. In the Greek pantheon, he plays a key role in illuminating the world. He is also considered the guardian of virtue and justice.

Attributes and representations

Helios is represented as a radiant man whose head is crowned with golden rays. He often drives a chariot pulled by winged horses, crossing the sky every day.

Helios and the sun

Importance of the sun in Greek mythology and daily life

In Greek mythology, the sun is seen as a living god who provides the light and warmth necessary for human life. It is also essential for agriculture and fishing.

The sun is so important to the Greeks that the annual calendar is based on the solar cycle and the length of the day.

Relationship between Helios and the sun

As god of the sun, Helios is associated with daylight and the warmth that radiates from the sun. He is also considered the guardian of the sun, in charge of its daily journey across the sky.

Myths associated with the sun's journey

One of the myths associated with the sun's journey is that of Apollo, the god of music and healing. Apollo borrows the winged chariot of Helios to drive the sun across the sky each day. But when he rides in the chariot, he is unable to control the horses and is eventually devoured by them, causing a solar eclipse. This story symbolizes the sun's destructive force and the need to respect its power.

Helios and light

Symbol of light in Greek mythology

Light is a symbol of knowledge and truth in Greek mythology . It is associated with wisdom and understanding of the world. Helios is the god who brings this light into the world.

Function and role of Helios in the illumination of the world

As the god of light, Helios is seen as the one who brings clarity into the darkness. He is the guardian of truth and justice and is often invoked by the Greeks when seeking these virtues.

Myths associated with light and luminosity

A famous myth associated with light is that of Prometheus and the origin of fire. Prometheus stole fire from the gods to give it to humans, symbolizing the power of light to give life, food and comfort. But this gesture was not well received by the gods, and Prometheus was punished for all eternity.

Helios in art and culture

Representations of Helios in Greek art

Helios has been depicted on numerous Greek art objects, including vases and coins. He is often depicted driving his chariot across the sky, radiant and glorious.

Helios in later literature and art

Helios continued to inspire artists and writers after the ancient period. He has been depicted in poems and works of art from the Renaissance to the present day.


In Greek mythology, Helios plays the crucial role of god of light and the sun. By illuminating the world, he brings clarity and truth to the darkness. In this article, we've looked at his origin, his role in Greek mythology and the myths associated with his power.

Helios is a fascinating character, presenting many aspects of the symbolism of light and life. Ultimately, we can say that Helios is more than just a god, he's a symbol of hope, light and power.