Medusa, the Gorgon with snakes for hair: her myth and transformation into a monster

The figure of Medusa is one of the most fascinating and terrifying creatures of Greek mythology. Known for her venomous snakes as hair and her petrifying gaze, this female monster has captivated the imagination for millennia. This article traces her history, from her divine origin to her transformation into a monstrous beast, her influence in art and culture, and her evolution to the present day.


The origins of Medusa

The Gorgons in mythology

  • Position in the divine genealogy
  • Characteristics of the Gorgons

The story of Medusa

  1. Medusa's transformation
  2. Poseidon and Athena's role in her metamorphosis

Medusa in mythology

The myth of Medusa

  1. Description and powers
  2. Athena's protection
  3. The curse of the petrifying gaze

Perseus' quest

  1. The reasons for the confrontation
  2. The divine tools at his disposal
  3. The course of the battle and Medusa's defeat

Symbolizing Medusa

Medusa in art and culture

  1. Iconography of Medusa through the ages
  2. Notable representations in the arts

Medusa as a symbol

  1. Feminist interpretations
  2. Metaphors of medusalization

The transformation of Medusa into a monster

The various adaptations of her story

The evolution of Medusa in literature and film

  1. Medusa in modern and classical literature
  2. Medusa in film and series
  1. Video games and animation
  2. Contemporary fascination with Medusa


The legend of Medusa continues to evolve, bearing witness to its universal significance in our collective imagination. Its myth continues to inspire and question, offering new perspectives for exploring the depths of the human psyche.